Santana (band) - Wikipedia
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The album's first UK single, the hard rocking " Tommy Gun ", rose to number 19, the highest chart position for a Clash single to date. In support of the album, the band toured the UK supported by the Slits and the Innocents. The series of concerts—there were more than thirty, from Edinburgh to Portsmouth—was promoted as the Sort It Out Tour. The band subsequently undertook its first, largely successful tour of North America in February It became their first US Top 40 hit, peaking at number 23 on the Billboard chart.
In the UK, where "Train in Vain" was not released as a single, London Calling's title trackstately in beat but unmistakably punk in message and tone, rose to number 11—the highest position any Clash single reached in the UK before the band's break-up.
Released in December, London Calling hit number 9 on the British chart; in the United States, where it was issued in Januaryit reached number The cover of the album, based on the cover of Elvis Presley 's self-titled debut LPbecame one of the best known in the history of rock.
Sherman Around the turn of the year, the band members attended a special private screening of a new film, Rude Boy ; part fiction, part rockumentaryit tells the story of a Clash fan who leaves his job in a Soho sex shop to become a roadie for the group. The movie—named after the rude boy subculture—includes footage of the band on tour, at a London Rock Against Racism concert, and in the studio recording Give 'Em Enough Rope.
CBS balked at this idea, and the band came out with only one single—an original reggae tune, " Bankrobber ", in August—before the December release of the 3-LP, song Sandinista! The album again reflected a broad range of musical styles, including extended dubs and the first forays into rap by a major rock band. Produced by the band members with the participation of Jamaican reggae artist Mikey DreadSandinista!
Trouser Press 's Ira Robbins described half the album as "great", half as "nonsense" and worse. Or rather seems nonsensically cluttered. One of the Clash's principal concerns Jones produced one cut, but the other members were dissatisfied. Though filled with offbeat songs, experiments with sound collageand a spoken word vocal by Beat poet Allen Ginsbergit contained two "radio friendly" tracks.
The follow-up, " Rock the Casbah ", put lyrics addressing the Iranian clampdown on imports of Western music to a bouncy dance rhythm. The singles were released in the opposite order in the UK, where they were both preceded by " Know Your Rights ". The music for "Rock the Casbah" was composed by Headon, who performed not only the percussion but also the piano and bass heard on the recorded version. The album itself was the band's most successful, hitting number 2 in the UK and number 7 in the US.
Disintegration and break up: Headon was asked to leave the band just before the album's release because heroin addiction was damaging his health and drumming. The loss of Headon, well-liked by the others, exposed growing friction within the band. Jones and Strummer began to feud. Though the Clash continued to tour, tension continued to increase. In earlyChimes left the band after the Combat Rock Tour because of in-fighting and turmoil.
The band argued with the event's promoters over inflated ticket prices, threatening to pull out unless a large donation was made to a local charity. The group ultimately performed on 28 May, the festival's New Music Day, which drew a crowd ofAfter the show, members of the band brawled with security staff.
Shortly thereafter, he became a founding member of General Publicbut left that band as they were recording their first album. Nick Sheppardformerly of the Bristol -based band the Cortinasand Vince White were recruited as the Clash's new guitarists. Howard continued as the drummer. The reconstituted band played its first shows in January with a batch of new material and launched into the self-financed Out of Control Tour, travelling widely over the winter and into early summer.
At a striking miners' benefit show "Scargill's Christmas Party" in Decemberthey announced that a new album would be released early in the new year.
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Most of the music was played by studio musicians, with Sheppard and later White flying in to provide guitar parts. Struggling with Rhodes for control of the band, Strummer returned home. The band went on a busking tour of public spaces in cities throughout the UK, playing acoustic versions of their hits and popular cover tunes.
After a concert in AthensStrummer went to Spain to clear his mind. While he was abroad, the first single from Cut the Crap, the mournful " This Is England ", was released to mostly negative reviews. Although Howard was an adept drummer, drum machines were used for virtually all of the percussion tracks.
For the remainder of his life, Strummer largely disowned the album,  although he did profess that "I really like 'This Is England' and [album track] 'North and South' is a vibe. Strummer later described the group's end: There had been a lot of intense activity in five years. Secondly, I felt we'd run out of idea gasoline. And thirdly, I wanted to shut up and let someone else have a go at it.
Jones, however, had already formed a new band, Big Audio Dynamite B. The two did work together on their respective projects. Jones helped out with the two songs Strummer wrote and performed for the Sid and Nancy soundtrack.
Strummer, in turn, cowrote a number of the tracks on the second B. Simonon formed a band called Havana 3am. Headon recorded a solo albumbefore once again spiraling into drug abuse. Chimes drummed with a succession of different acts.
That same year, Strummer reportedly cried when he learned that "Rock the Casbah" had been adopted as a slogan by US bomber pilots in the Gulf War. Simonon did not want to participate because he believed that playing at the high-priced event would not have been in the spirit of the Clash.
Strummer's sudden death from a congenital heart defect on 22 December ended any possibility of a full reunion. This was the first time since that Headon and Jones had performed together on stage. The song is the namesake of a charity founded by Bragg which gives musical instruments and lessons to prison inmates. Jones, Headon, and Bragg were backed by former inmates during the session, which was filmed for a documentary about the charity, "Breaking Rocks.
This reunion marked the first time the two performers had worked together in over twenty years. They later joined Gorillaz on their world tour for the remainder of Jazz said "There was talk about the Clash reforming before he died. But there had been talk for years and years about them reforming.
They had been offered stupid amounts of money to do it, but they were very good at keeping the moral high ground and saying no. But I think if Dad hadn't died, it would have happened. It felt like it was in the air. Both Mick Jones and Paul Simonon oversaw the project including the re-masters.
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The box set came in a package shaped as an 80s ghetto blaster. The box set was accompanied by 5 Album Studio Setwhich contains only the first five studio albums excluding Cut the Crapand The Clash Hits Backa track, two-CD best of collection sequenced to copy the set played by the band at the Brixton Fair Deal now the Academy on 19 July Jones said "There were a few moments at the time I was up for it Hall of Fame reunion inJoe was up for it.
And neither, probably, was Topper, who didn't wind up even coming in the end. It didn't look like a performance was going to happen anyway.
I mean, you usually play at that ceremony when you get in. Joe had passed by that point, so we didn't. We were never in agreement. It was never at a point where all of us wanted to do it at the same time. Most importantly for us, we became friends again after the group broke up, and continued that way for the rest of the time.
That was more important to us than the band". Jones also stated that the Sound System box set was the last time he will ever be involved in the band's releases. Caravanserai[ edit ] In earlySantana and the remaining members of the band started working on their fourth album, Caravanserai.
During the studio sessions, Santana and Michael Shrieve brought in other musicians: Also assisting on keyboards were Wendy Haas and Tom Coster. With the unsettling influx of new players in the studio, Gregg Rolie and Neal Schon decided that it was time to leave after the completion of the album, even though both contributed to the session. Rolie returned home to Seattle, and later, along with Schon, became a founding member of Journey.
When Caravanserai did emerge init marked a strong change in musical direction towards jazz fusion. The album received critical praise, but CBS executive Clive Davis warned Santana and the band that it would sabotage the band's position as a " Top 40 " act.
Nevertheless, over the years, the album would achieve platinum status. Santana married Deborah King in She is the daughter of late blues singer and guitarist Saunders King. They have three children: SalvadorStella and Angelica. Together with wife Deborah, Santana founded a not-for-profit organization, the Milagro "Miracle" Foundation, which provides financial aid for educational, medical, and other needs.
On October 19,Deborah Santana filed for divorce citing " irreconcilable differences " after 34 years of marriage. Chinmoy accepted them as disciples in Santana was given the name Devadip, meaning "The lamp, light and eye of God". InSantana, having obtained legal rights to the band's name, Santanaformed a new version of the band with Armando Peraza and Chepito Areas on percussion, Doug Rauch on bass, Michael Shrieve on drums, and Tom Coster and Richard Kermode on keyboards.
Santana later was able to recruit jazz vocalist Leon Thomas for a tour in Japan on July 3 and 4,which was recorded for the live, sprawling, high-energy triple vinyl LP fusion album Lotus CBS records would not allow its release unless the material was condensed.
Santana did not agree to those terms, and Lotus was available in the U. The group later went into the studio and recorded Welcomewhich further reflected Santana's interests in jazz fusion and his increasing commitment to the spiritual life of Sri Chinmoy. Santana during his "inner secrets" tour in the Netherlands in A collaboration with John Coltrane 's widow, Alice ColtraneIlluminationsfollowed. Soon after, Santana replaced his band members again.
This time Kermode, Thomas and Rauch departed from the group and were replaced by vocalist Leon Patillo later a successful Contemporary Christian artist and returning bassist David Brown. He also recruited soprano saxophonist, Jules Broussard for the lineup. The band recorded one studio album Borbolettawhich was released in Drummer Leon "Ndugu" Chancler later joined the band as a replacement for Michael Shrievewho left to pursue a solo career.
By this time, Bill Graham 's management company had assumed responsibility for the affairs of the group. Graham was critical of Santana's move into jazz and felt he needed to concentrate on getting Santana back into the charts with the edgy, streetwise ethnic sound that had made them famous.
Santana himself was seeing that the group's direction was alienating many fans. Although the albums and performances were given good reviews by critics in jazz and jazz fusion circles, sales had plummeted. The album received considerable airplay on FM album-oriented rock stations with the instrumental " Europa Earth's Cry Heaven's Smile " and re-introduced Santana to the charts.
The albums conceived through the late s followed the same formula, although with several lineup changes. Among the new personnel who joined was current percussionist Raul Rekow, who joined in early Most notable of the band's commercial efforts of this era was a version of the s Zombies hit, " She's Not There ", on the double album Moonflower. Santana recorded two solo projects in this time: The pressures and temptations of being a high-profile rock musician and requirements of the spiritual lifestyle which guru Sri Chinmoy and his followers demanded were in conflict, and imposed considerable stress upon Santana's lifestyle and marriage.
He was becoming increasingly disillusioned with what he thought were the unreasonable rules that Chinmoy imposed on his life, and in particular with his refusal to allow Santana and Deborah to start a family. He felt too that his fame was being used to increase the guru's visibility. Santana and Deborah eventually ended their relationship with Chinmoy in Santana in Barcelona, SpainMore radio-friendly singles followed from Santana and the band.
The album's guests included Booker T. Santana again paid tribute to his early rock roots by doing the film score to La Bambawhich was based on the life of rock and roll legend Ritchie Valens and starred Lou Diamond Phillips. The band Santana returned in with a new album, Beyond Appearancesand two years later with Freedom.
He and Mickey Hart of the Grateful Dead later recorded and performed with Nigerian drummer Babatunde Olatunjiwho conceived one of Santana's famous s drum jams, " Jingo ". In Santana organized a reunion with past members from the Santana band for a series of concert dates.
CBS records released a year retrospective of the band's accomplishments with Viva Santana! That same year Santana formed an all-instrumental group featuring jazz legend Wayne Shorter on tenor and soprano saxophone.
They toured briefly and received much acclaim from the music press, who compared the effort with the era of Caravanserai InSantana left Columbia Records after twenty-two years and signed with Polygram.
In Santana hired jam band Phish as his opening act. Return to commercial success[ edit ] Santana performing in Santana kicked off the s with a new album Spirits Dancing in the Flesh in This was followed by Milagro ina live album Sacred Fire in and Brothers a collaboration with his brother Jorge and nephew Carlos Hernandez in But sales were relatively poor.
Santana toured widely over the next few years but there were no further new album releases, and eventually, he was even without a recording contract.
However, Arista Records ' Clive Daviswho had worked with Santana at Columbia Recordssigned him and encouraged him to record a star-studded album with mostly younger artists. Eckland others. However, the lead single was what grabbed the attention of both fans and the music industry. The track's energy was immediately apparent on radio, and it was played on a wide variety of station formats. The music video, set on a hot barrio street, was also very popular.
Supernatural eventually shipped over 15 million copies in the United States, and won 8 Grammy Awards including Album of the Year, making it Santana's most successful album.
Carlos Santana, alongside the classic Santana lineup of their first two albums, was inducted as an individual, into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Green was inducted the same night.