Undead - A sourcebook for Chill 3rd Edition horror RPG by Matthew McFarland — Kickstarter
Example: The Relentless ability on the Undead Horde reads “Recast any spent token.” It would be in your best interest to recast one of your own, of course, and. CrossRef citations to date. Altmetric. Listen. Original Articles. Undead Spaces: Fear, Globalisation, and the Popular Geopolitics of Zombiism. GRHAUYZNKTF9 / PDF The Good, the Bad, and the Undead write this pdf. Pub Date Publisher: Chinese children before making Reading: All.
When the son refused, he was found dead the following day.
Blagojevich supposedly returned and attacked some neighbours who died from loss of blood. Government officials examined the bodies, wrote case reports, and published books throughout Europe. The problem was exacerbated by rural epidemics of so-claimed vampire attacks, undoubtedly caused by the higher amount of superstition that was present in village communities, with locals digging up bodies and in some cases, staking them.
Within his classification of demonshe explained the concept through the notion that incubi and succubae could possess the corpse of the deceased and walk the earth. As a devil borrows a dead body, it would seem so visibly and naturally to any man who converses with them and that any substance within the body would remain intolerably cold to others which they abuse. The subject was based on the observation that when digging up graves, it was discovered that some corpses had at some point either devoured the interior fabric of their coffin or their own limbs.
Theologians and clergymen also address the topic. The non-decay of vampires' bodies could recall the incorruption of the bodies of the saints of the Catholic Church. A paragraph on vampires was included in the second edition of De servorum Dei beatificatione et sanctorum canonizatione, On the beatification of the servants of God and on canonization of the blessed, written by Prospero Lambertini Pope Benedict XIV. In other words, vampires did not exist. Calmet conducted extensive research and amassed judicial reports of vampiric incidents and extensively researched theological and mythological accounts as well, using the scientific method in his analysis to come up with methods for determining the validity for cases of this nature.
As he stated in his treatise: These revenants are called by the name of oupires or vampires, that is to say, leeches ; and such particulars are related of them, so singular, so detailed, and invested with such probable circumstances and such judicial information, that one can hardly refuse to credit the belief which is held in those countries, that these revenants come out of their tombs and produce those effects which are proclaimed of them.
Calmet had numerous readers, including both a critical Voltaire and numerous supportive demonologists who interpreted the treatise as claiming that vampires existed.
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The persons so sucked waned, grew pale, and fell into consumption ; while the sucking corpses grew fat, got rosy, and enjoyed an excellent appetite. The controversy in Austria only ceased when Empress Maria Theresa of Austria sent her personal physician, Gerard van Swietento investigate the claims of vampiric entities. He concluded that vampires did not exist and the Empress passed laws prohibiting the opening of graves and desecration of bodies, sounding the end of the vampire epidemics.
Other European countries followed suit. Despite this condemnation, the vampire lived on in artistic works and in local folklore. Classified as vampires, all share the thirst for blood. The term Loogaroo possibly comes from the French loup-garou meaning "werewolf" and is common in the culture of Mauritius.
There are many documented cases of families disinterring loved ones and removing their hearts in the belief that the deceased was a vampire who was responsible for sickness and death in the family, although the term "vampire" was never used to describe the dead. The deadly disease tuberculosisor "consumption" as it was known at the time, was believed to be caused by nightly visitations on the part of a dead family member who had died of consumption themselves.
Her father, assisted by the family physician, removed her from her tomb two months after her death, cut out her heart and burned it to ashes. There are two main vampire-like creatures in the Philippines: The mandurugo is a variety of the aswang that takes the form of an attractive girl by day, and develops wings and a long, hollow, thread-like tongue by night. The tongue is used to suck up blood from a sleeping victim. They use an elongated proboscis-like tongue to suck fetuses from these pregnant women.
They also prefer to eat entrails specifically the heart and the liver and the phlegm of sick people. She is able to detach her fanged head which flies around in the night looking for blood, typically from pregnant women. She appeared as an attractive woman with long black hair that covered a hole in the back of her neck, with which she sucked the blood of children. Filling the hole with her hair would drive her off.
Corpses had their mouths filled with glass beads, eggs under each armpit, and needles in their palms to prevent them from becoming langsuir. This description would also fit the Sundel Bolongs. Films like Encounters of the Spooky Kind and Mr. Vampire were released during the jiangshi cinematic boom of the s and s.
Vampire hunting societies still exist, but they are largely formed for social reasons. Amateur vampire hunters flocked in large numbers to the cemetery. Several books have been written about the case, notably by Sean Manchester, a local man who was among the first to suggest the existence of the " Highgate Vampire " and who later claimed to have exorcised and destroyed a whole nest of vampires in the area.
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Local police stated that no such crime had been reported and that the case appears to be an urban legend. According to the paper, if the first vampire had appeared on 1 Januaryand it fed once a month which is less often than what is depicted in films and folkloreand every victim turned into a vampire, then within two and a half years the entire human population of the time would have become vampires.
The "chupacabra hysteria" was frequently associated with deep economic and political crises, particularly during the mids.
In some cases, especially in small localities, beliefs are still rampant and sightings or claims of vampire attacks occur frequently.
In Romania during Februaryseveral relatives of Toma Petre feared that he had become a vampire. They dug up his corpse, tore out his heart, burned it, and mixed the ashes with water in order to drink it.
An alternative collective noun is a "house" of vampires. Everything ranging from premature burial to the early ignorance of the body's decomposition cycle after death has been cited as the cause for the belief in vampires.
Rates of decomposition vary depending on temperature and soil composition, and many of the signs are little known. This has led vampire hunters to mistakenly conclude that a dead body had not decomposed at all or, ironically, to interpret signs of decomposition as signs of continued life. This causes the body to look "plump", "well-fed", and "ruddy"—changes that are all the more striking if the person was pale or thin in life.
In the Arnold Paole casean old woman's exhumed corpse was judged by her neighbours to look more plump and healthy than she had ever looked in life.
This could produce a groan-like sound when the gases moved past the vocal cords, or a sound reminiscent of flatulence when they passed through the anus. The official reporting on the Petar Blagojevich case speaks of "other wild signs which I pass by out of high respect". This can produce the illusion that the hair, nails, and teeth have grown. At a certain stage, the nails fall off and the skin peels away, as reported in the Blagojevich case—the dermis and nail beds emerging underneath were interpreted as "new skin" and "new nails".
In some cases in which people reported sounds emanating from a specific coffin, it was later dug up and fingernail marks were discovered on the inside from the victim trying to escape. In other cases the person would hit their heads, noses or faces and it would appear that they had been "feeding".
An alternate explanation for noise is the bubbling of escaping gases from natural decomposition of bodies. As with the pneumonic form of bubonic plagueit was associated with breakdown of lung tissue which would cause blood to appear at the lips. Noting that the condition is treated by intravenous haemhe suggested that the consumption of large amounts of blood may result in haem being transported somehow across the stomach wall and into the bloodstream. Thus vampires were merely sufferers of porphyria seeking to replace haem and alleviate their symptoms.
Though Stoker's Count Dracula remained an iconic figure, especially in the new medium of cinemaas in the film Nosferatu20th-century vampire fiction went beyond traditional Gothic horror and explored new genres such as science fiction.
Possibly the most influential example of modern vampire science fiction is Richard Matheson 's I Am Legend The protagonist is the sole survivor of a pandemic of a bacterium that causes vampirism. He must fight to survive attacks from the hordes of nocturnal creatures, discover the secrets of their biology, and develop effective countermeasures.
The novel was adapted into three movies: The latter part of the 20th century saw the rise of multi-volume vampire epics. It also set the trend for seeing vampires as poetic tragic heroes rather than as the traditional embodiment of evil. Ross, Rice and Yarbro set the trend for multi-volume vampire sagas which are now a stock feature of mass-market fiction see below for list.
Rice's work also saw the beginning of the convergence of traditional Gothic ideas with the modern Gothic subculture and a more explicit exploration of the transgressive sexualities which had always been implicit in vampire fiction.
The novel The Hunger adapted as a film in continued the theme of open sexuality and examined the biology of vampires, suggesting that their special abilities were the result of physical properties of their blood.
The novel suggested that not all vampires were undead humans, but some were a separate species that had evolved alongside humans. This interpretation of vampires has since then been used in several science-fiction stories dealing with vampires, most famously the Blade movie series. The novel Fevre Dream by notable author George R. Martin tells the tale of a race of living vampires, extremely human-like but obligate predators on humans, set in the Mississippi Riverboat era, where one of them has developed a dietary supplement to "cure" them, and is fighting for the right and opportunity to distribute it.
Kim Newman 's Anno Dracula series — returns to Stoker's Count Dracula, looking at an alternate world where Dracula defeated Van Helsing's group and conquered Britain, and gives the genre a somewhat post-modern spin. The television series Buffy the Vampire Slayercreated and largely written by Joss Whedonalso explored vampire folklore in the light of postmodern and feminist theory, defining the 'condition' as humans who were made to drink vampire blood after the vampire drinks from them, with turned vampires being essentially demons possessing human corpses; Buffy and its spin-off, Angelalso feature the character of Angel in a prominent role, with Angel being a vampire who was cursed with his soulrestoring his capacity for compassion but also forcing him to live with the guilt of what he did as a regular vampire.
One of the more traditional vampire works of the twentieth century is Stephen King 's 'Salem's Lotwhich reimagines the archetypal Dracula-type story in a modern American small town setting. King acknowledged the influence of Dracula on the work, as well as the violent, pre- Comics Code vampires portrayed in horror comics such as those released by E.
Twenty-first century[ edit ] Many books based on vampires are still being published, including several continuing series. Anne Rice's Vampire Chronicles ended after many years, but many others have started up in the meantime. Paranormal romanceinspired by Rice but mostly dropping the open sexuality of her characters in favour of more conventional sexual roles, is a remarkable contemporary publishing phenomenon.
Hamilton 's Anita Blake: Vampire Hunter series has again shifted the genre boundaries from romance back toward the territory of erotica.
In the field of juvenile and young adult literature, Darren Shan wrote a twelve-book series The Saga of Darren Shan about a boy who becomes a vampire's assistant, beginning with Cirque Du Freak and ending with Sons of Destiny A film adaptation has been made of the first three books called Cirque du Freak: The Vampire's Assistant He is also currently writing a prequel to The Saga, a series of four books all about Larten Crepsley one of the main characters starting with Birth of a Killer and finishing with Brothers to the Death Ellen Schreiber created a young-adult series about Raven Madison and her vampire boyfriend Alexander Sterling, starting with Vampire Kisses In Scott Westerfeld 's young-adult novel Peepsthe protagonist carries a contagious parasite that causes vampire-like behavior.
The king of vampires Count Dracula also continues to inspire novelists, for example Elizabeth Kostova in The Historian Dracula's Demeter by Doug Lamoreux expanded to novel length the events of Count Dracula's sea voyage from Varna to Whitby, England hinted at in Chapters 6 and 7 of Stoker's original tale.
The story takes place in Blackeberga suburb of Stockholm. This particular novel does not follow the modern romantic trend, and instead focuses on a human-vampire friendship.
Crucially, it retains many of the vampire traits popularized by Dracula. Dimitris Lyacos 's second book of the Poena Damni trilogy With the People from the Bridge handles the vampire legend in the context of a ritualistic post-theatrical drama performance. George Willson's science fiction book series The Fempiror Chronicles ongoing also explored the scientific angle for vampires by turning them into a race of genetically modified warriors who support the vampire idea as a myth to invoke fear of their race.
The original "Fempiror" did not drink blood, but rather created a "Mutation" Fempiror that did. Between the original Fempiror and their Mutation, logical or scientific reasons were given for the majority of vampire traits and weaknesses. In recent years, vampire fiction has been one of many supernatural fiction genres used in the creation of mashups. These works combine either a pre-existing text or a historic figure with elements of genre fiction.
One of the best-known of these works is Abraham Lincoln, Vampire Hunter by Seth Grahame-Smithin which the historic Abraham Lincoln has a fictional secret identity as a hunter of evil vampires. Traits of vampires in fiction[ edit ] This section needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. June Learn how and when to remove this template message The traits of the literary vampire have evolved from the often repulsive figures of folklore.
Fictional vampires can be romantic figures, often described as elegant and sexy compare demons such as succubus and incubus. This is in stark contrast to the vampire of Eastern European folklore, which was a horrifying animated corpse. However, as in folklore, the literary vampire is sustained by drinking blood.
They do not need other food, water, or even oxygen. They are sometimes portrayed as being unable to eat human food at all, forcing them to either avoid public dining or mime chewing and eating to deceive their mortal victims. The fictional vampire, however, often has a pale appearance rather than the dark or ruddy skin of folkloric vampires and their skin is cool to the touch.
As in folklore literary vampires can usually be warded off with garlic and symbols of Christian faith such as holy waterthe crucifixor a rosary.
According to literary scholar Nina Auerbach in Our Vampires Ourselves, the influence of the moon was seen as dominant in the earliest examples of vampire literature: For at least fifty years after Planche's Vampire, the moon was the central ingredient of vampire iconography; vampire's solitary and repetitive lives consisted of incessant deaths and — when the moon shone down on them — quivering rebirths.
Ruthven, Varney and Raby need marriage and blood to replenish their vitality but they turn for renewed life to the moon Bram Stoker's Dracula was hugely influential in its depiction of vampire traits, some of which are described by the novel's vampire expert Abraham Van Helsing.
Dracula has the ability to change his shape at will, his featured forms in the novel being that of a wolf, bat, dust and fog. He can also crawl up and down the vertical external walls of his castle, in the manner of a lizard.
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One very famous trait Stoker added is the inability to be seen in mirrors, which is not found in traditional Eastern European folklore. Dracula also had protruding teeth, though was preceded in this by Varney the Vampire and Carmilla. In the novel, the vampire hunter Van Helsing prescribes that a vampire be destroyed by a wooden stake preferably made of white oak through the heart, decapitationdrowning, or incineration.